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Glossary of Orthodontic Terms


Orthodontic terms - Archwire

A metal wire that is attached to your brackets to move your teeth.


Orthodontic terms - Banding

The process of cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth. Bracket- An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth (either by bonding or banding) for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.


Orthodontic terms - Bonding

The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.


Orthodontic terms - Debonding

The removal of cemented orthodontic brackets.


Orthodontic terms - Extractions

Extractions of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.

Oral Hygiene

Orthodontic terms - Oral Hygiene

Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during braces. Regular visits to the general dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).

Orthodontic Records

Orthodontic terms - Orthodontic Records

These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.

Panoramic X-Ray

Orthodontic terms - Panoramic X-Ray

An x-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws and other important information.


Orthodontic terms - Surgery

Orthognathic surgery is surgery performed on the bones of the jaws to change their positions. It may be considered for functional, cosmetic, or health reasons. It is surgery commonly performed on the jaws in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, which straightens the teeth.